ANTIKABIR WITH SYMBOLS
Today, as T-Cod Architecture, we would like to talk about the magnificent and impressive architecture of Anıtkabir. Let's take a look at some of the architectural features of this magnificent building, where every detail has been thought out to the smallest detail.
The final resting place of Mustafa Kemal, the founder of the Turkish Republic, is Anıtkabir, located in Rassattepe. The reason why Anıtkabir was built in Rassattepe is that when Atatürk lived in Ankara one day, he came to visit this hill and made a sentence to those next to him, "What a beautiful monumental place this is." After the decision to build Anıtkabir on Rassattepe, a competition was held in 1941. With the announcement of the competition, there are participants not only from Turkey, but also from Germany, Italy, Austria, Switzerland and France. A total of 49 architectural projects participated in the competition. The winner of the competition, with the project number 25, was Prof. Emin Onat and Assoc. Orhan Arda was born. Anıtkabir, where its monumental aspect predominates, symmetry is of great importance, and cut stone material is used predominantly, has succeeded in being an impressive monumental structure with every detail. Covering an area of 750,000 square meters, Anıtkabir weighs 150 thousand tons in total. To enter the area where Anıtkabir is located, you have to climb a ladder with 26 steps. The fact that there are 26 steps is symbolically dedicated to August 26-Great Offensive. The 5 digits after the 26 digits represent the 5 days after 26 August, the date when the Greek army was defeated by the Turkish army. The total height of the steps is 4 meters. When we multiply 4 meters with 26 digits, the number 104 is the number that is frequently included in the calendar of the Mayans, a civilization that Atatürk was particularly interested in, and its equivalent is exactly 1 century. One of the most interesting parts of Anıtkabir is the lion road, which represents strength and tranquility. The stones on this walkway, where lions are lined up and 24 Oghuz tribes are represented, are laid asymmetrically. The spacing of these asymmetrical stones is 5 cm. The reason why the stones are placed in this way is to make everyone who will come before him bow their heads. After the end of the lion road, you reach the ceremonial square. The ceremonial square is located at the intersection of the Turkish Grand National Assembly and Ankara Castle. The distance of the TBMM building to the mausoleum is 1920 meters. This distance indicates the establishment date of the Turkish Grand National Assembly, 1920. Each of the great columns of the mausoleum has a height of 19.44 meters. This points to the year 1944 when the foundation of Anıtkabir was laid. Atatürk's Address to the Youth and the Tenth Year Speech are on the exterior walls of Anıtkabir. When we pass from the exterior to the interior, the area called the "Hall of Honor" is reached. In the floor coverings, ceiling area and interior column decorations of this area; arrow, bow, pitchfork, ram's head, ram's horn, abundance and wolf's mouth motifs. These motifs are exactly the same as the motifs in the Hun and Göktürk kurgans.
This monumental building, which has a symbolic meaning in every area and detail, welcomes thousands of local and foreign visitors every year.